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Python is a versatile programming language that has become increasingly popular in recent years, especially for data science and machine learning applications. One of the powerful tools in Python is the glob package, which provides a way to search for files and directories that match a specific pattern.
In this article, we will discuss what the Python glob package is and how to use it, explained with an example.
What is the Python glob package?
The Python glob package is a standard library module that provides a way to search for files and directories that match a specific pattern. The glob package uses shell-style wildcards to match filenames, making it easy to find all files that meet a particular criteria.
The glob package is included with the standard library, so you don’t need to install any additional packages to use it. You can import the glob package into your Python script using the following code:
How to use the Python glob package
Using the glob package in Python is simple. The glob function takes a pattern as a parameter and returns a list of filenames and directories that match the pattern. The pattern can include wildcards such as *, ?, and  to match specific characters or groups of characters.
Here’s an example of how to use the glob package to find all files in a directory that have a .txt extension:
import glob txt_files = glob.glob('*.txt') print(txt_files)
In this example, we import the glob package and then use the glob function to search for all files in the current directory that have a .txt extension. The glob function returns a list of filenames that match the pattern, which we then print to the console.
You can also use the glob package to search for files in a specific directory. Here’s an example of how to find all files in the /data/ directory that have a .csv extension:
import glob csv_files = glob.glob('/data/*.csv') print(csv_files)
In this example, we use the glob function to search for all files in the /data/ directory that have a .csv extension. The pattern we pass to the glob function is ‘/data/*.csv’, which matches any filename in the /data/ directory that ends with .csv.
The Python glob package is a powerful tool that allows you to search for files and directories that match a specific pattern. With the glob package, you can easily find all files that meet a particular criteria, making it a valuable tool for data science and machine learning applications. Whether you need to search for files in a specific directory or find all files with a particular extension, the glob package can help you quickly and easily find the files you need.